Critical Systems

Software systems developed nowadays are increasingly larger and more complex. Good engineering techniques become crucial for them to work properly and evolve under control. Critical Systems are example of softwares that are highly dependent of continuous maintenance and fault tolerance. Its malfunction is potentially able to cause physical, personal or financial damage in great proportions. Means of transport, aviation and industrial parks are examples for this kind of system.

Some types of critical system are classified according to the losses they imply: mistakes in security systems put human lives or the environment under risk; mistakes in mission systems affect the fulfillment of the established goals; mistakes in a business system might cause great financial losses.

In this realm, Fraunhofer Project Center at UFBA (FPC-UFBA) developed the National Transplants System (SNT), responsible for managing the list of organs receivers and their distribution over the country. SNT is considered a security critical system, cause its malfunction might put people’s lives under risk. Researchers at FPC-UFBA developed SNT i a way that assures its ability to deliver services even in unexpected circumstances, forecasting a suitable exception treatment in case of any failure.

Data Analytics and Information Visualization

Data analytics is the science of examining raw data with the purpose of drawing conclusions about that information available. It involves procedures and activities to obtain, process, analyse the data so that useful and relevant information can be extracted for decision making. This area of expertise also covers the Information Visualization that applies computer graphics techniques to assist the analysis process of a data set. This technique uses interaction mechanisms that enable the user to handle and explore the graphic representation so that cognition on the information set can be increased.

Knowledge of available data allows one to discover behavior standards, identify trends and confirm assumptions, which favors decision taking in the most diverse organizational realms, based on increasingly rational and less intuitive criteria. Thereby, these two fields of study offer the necessary theoretical support to the development of methodology and software that enable managers to analyse the administrative possibilities, bisides discovering relevant information.

The Data Visualization of Transplant Coordination System, developed by Fraunhofer Project Center at UFBA is an example of information visualization that will base the managers’ decision taking, supplying them with statistics that will improve the dynamics of organ transplants throughout Brazil.

Oil & Gas energy systems

Oil and gas are essential fuels for modern society. The population growth and the development of emerging economies have significantly contributed for the rise in such a demand. Some researches point out that emerging countries consume around  46% and 26% of the global supplies of oil and natural gas, respectively. Investments in research and development of oil and gas energy systems turn out to be crucial in helping these companies to grow and compete.

Among the activities of Fraunhofer Project Center at UFBA (FPC-UFBA), Automind is the client which performance is within this realm. The project aims at developing a simulator for automation strategy performance studying and control of oil and subsalt gas production plants. Through this simulator, operator can can train in failure scenarios that might happen during the operation of an industrial plant, but in a fictional environment. without incorect procedures performed by the operators interfering in the plant’s real process.

eGovernment

Electronic government (e-gov) consists in the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to approach government to citizens aiming at overcoming obstacles in the communication between these two realms, by improving organization activities in the public sector. The availability of information on the web, in a smart and geographically referenced way, establishes an information flow that can take form in both communication directions, involving citizens, businessmen, non-governmental organizations, public agents and the government itself.

Electronic government fosters therefore the direct participation and involvement of citizens into political governance besides improving the quality in the formation of personal opinion, unfolding new spaces for information and deliberation.

In this field, Fraunhofer Project Center at UFBA (FPC-UFBA) has promoted the improvement of in the processes of the Ministry of Health’s National Transplant System (SNT), creating a system architecture to manage the national list of organs transplants. For such purposes, default processes were implemented by the transplant coordination and FPC-UFBA team together, making organs distribution easier for society as well as making clear the criteria used for choosing the receiver. An information visualization system was also created to  provide data from all transplants to all managers helping them take decisions that improve the entire process and bringing benefits to entire society.

Systems based on Softwares for Health and Quality of Life

Health care information systems can help improve quality of assistance because of their far-reaching capabilities. This is the science where computer technology is so close to human beings, and thereby mistakes might cause serious aftermath. Regarding health assistance, softwares can provide more accurate diagnosis and the optimization of medical and administrative processes.

Our approach to software and system engineering helps you in the whole process from bidding requirements to validation. Along with our partners, we create innovative solutions for medical devices and provide assistance in their systematic implementation in daily practices.

Fraunhofer Project Center at UFBA provides support to all the stakeholders in the health care sector regarding the development and testing of software-based innovations, including, particularly, interconnections between devices and services. The institute offers support to manufacturers and users of medical software and devices in the sector of health care through all the phases of software and systems development, as in the National Transplant System (SNT), previously mentioned in Critical Systems and Data Visualization.

Mobile Business Applications

People are increasingly dependent on computer support to take decisions or perform daily tasks. Such a dependency reaches extraordinary levels when it comes to mobile devices, specially smartphones, which combine features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use.

In organizational environments, mobile bussisness applications explore the potential of mobility in organizational processes, by supporting the execution of tasks to mobile devices. Mobility and dinamicity bring the need of adaptation to the context of use, taking into consideration the characteristics of the environment, individuals, tasks and devices.

The realm of Mobile Bussiness of Fraunhofer Project Center at UFBA (FPC-UFBA) aims at investigating and proposing new solutions that support the sistematic and integrated development of mobile applications, ubiquitous e sensitive to context, with particular focus on the

Crisis and Emergencies

Emergencies are defined as critical situations caused by incidents. They require immediate actions to reduce the adverse aftermath to lives and patrimony. Floods, forestry fires and snow storms, fires, explosions or substance leaks in oil platforms, ships and factories are a few examples.

These and other incidents can also happen during large-scale events, either because of negligence or intentionally, as in terrorist attacks. At large-scale events, the risk of crowd-inherentincidents such as conflicts between rooter and cheerers of opposing teams in soccer matches or mass panicis particularly worrying.

Fraunhofer Project Center at UFBA (FPC-UFBA) has been working on an interoperable solution , within the scope of RESCUER Project, able to support managing command centers in emergency and crisis control based on smart and reliable analysis of crowdsourcing information combined with free (open) data. RESCUER is already investigating and will offer support especially for two apliance sceneries: 1) emergency and crisis management in industrial areas, such as chemical parks; and 2) large-scale events, such as sports events in Brazil like the Olympic Games (2016).